Nextuntil you get to the step below.
Use Git from the Windows Command Promptand click on
Checkout Windows-style, commit Unix-style line endingsselected.
Use Windows' default console windowand click on
This will provide you with both Git and Bash in the Git Bash program. If you make a mistake you may rerun the installer and select the appropriate options.
To fully set up your Mac for bioinformatics we recommend the Biostar Handbook website.
Alternatively to set up just git alone see:
For OS X 10.9 and higher, install Git for Mac by downloading and running the most
mavericks installer from this list.
After installing Git,
there will not be anything in your /Applications folder, as Git is a command line program.
For older versions of OS X (10.5-10.8) use the most recent available installer
snow-leopard available here.
If Git is not already available on your machine you can try to install it via
your distro's package manager. For Debian/Ubuntu run
sudo apt-get install git
and for Fedora run
sudo yum install git.
Git is a version control system that lets you track who made changes to what when and has options for easily updating a shared or public version of your code on github.com. You will need a supported web browser (current versions of Chrome, Firefox or Safari, or Internet Explorer version 9 or above).
You will need an account at github.com for parts of the Git lesson. Basic GitHub accounts are free. We encourage you to create a GitHub account if you don't have one already. Please consider what personal information you'd like to reveal. For example, you may want to review these instructions for keeping your email address private provided at GitHub.
This will generate a password in
Copy and paste the key into the
Github -> Account -> Settings -> Add SSH key
Command we typically do once:
git clone <uri>- clones a remote repository
git add <filepath>- adds a file to git tracking
Commands we use all the time:
git status- what is the current status of the repository
git diff- what has changed since the last commit
git push <uri>- push the changes to remote
git pull <uri>- pull and merge remote
For simulation we are going to use R, a statistical programming language. The software is open-source, interacts well with git, has many packages written by and for the bioinformatics community and is also useful for developing graphics and web app.
We are going to access R via a package called RStudio, which provides additional resources including a window system which facilitates installing packages , accessing the help files, and documenting your work. RStudio is also free.
All of this software is available on Macs, Windows, and Linux. Mostly it works identically on all types of computers, although I have noticed that sometimes the versions are out of sync.
To get started, please install R and RStudio as directed below.
Select a CRAN mirror. (This is the computer that you are downloading from. It is advisable to select a mirror that is geographically close.)
Select the appropriate version for the type of computer you are using.
Install the downloaded software just like any other software on your computer.
Go to https://www.rstudio.com/
Click on the Download button.
Scroll down to "Download R Studio Desktop".
Select the appropriate installer.
Install the downloaded software.
Click on the R Studio icon. This should open R Studio.
(install instructions copied from Software Carpentry)
For a Mac computer, the default Unix Shell is Bash, and it is available via the Terminal Utilities program within your Applications folder. To open Terminal, try one or both of the following:
Computers with Windows operating systems do not automatically have a Unix Shell program installed. In this lesson, we encourage you to use an emulator included in Git for Windows, which gives you access to both Bash shell commands and Git. If you are attending a Software Carpentry workshop session, it is likely you have already received instructions on how to install Git for Windows. Once installed, you can open a terminal by running the program Git Bash from the Windows start menu.
Other solutions are available for running Bash commands on Windows. There is now a Bash shell command-line tool available for Windows 10. Additionally, you can run Bash commands on a remote UNIX computer or server from your Windows machine. This can be done through a Secure Shell (SSH) client. One such client available for free for Windows computers is PuTTY. See the reference below for information on installing and using PuTTY, using the Windows 10 command-line tool, or installing and using a UNIX/Linux emulator.
You should also install PuTTY for accessing remote servers
Microsoft Word is NOT a text editor. Using Word to edit text will will eventually cause (devious) errors. Best if you start using a proper text editor. Essential features:
TABcharacters versus multiple
SPACEcharacters. Mixing up
SPACESis a very common error. Copy-pasting from a web page often turns a
SPACEcharacters (yes, it very annoying!) You need the ability to see the difference between these otherwise invisible characters if necessary.
Mac OS 9endings (the new
Unixline endings). Typically all files should have a
Unixline ending mode. Your editor needs to have the ability to convert line endings to
Personal preference :
Pandoc can convert documents across formats:
On Mac OSX:
brew install pandoc
On windows visit the Pandoc website.